Camden

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The London Borough of Camden (English pronunciation: /ˈkæmdən/; is a borough of London, England, which forms part of Inner London. The southern reaches of Camden form part of central London. The local authority is Camden London Borough Council.

History

The borough was created in 1965 from the former area of the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, and St Pancras, which had formed part of the County of London. The borough was named after Camden Town, which had gained its name from Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden in 1795. The transcribed diaries of William Copeland Astbury, recently made available, describe Camden and the surrounding areas in great detail 1829-1848
Districts

The area is in the northern part of the city, reaching from Holborn and Bloomsbury in the south to Hampstead Heath in the north. Neighbouring areas are the City of Westminster and the City of London to the south, Brent to the west, Barnet and Haringey to the north and Islington to the east. It covers all or part of the N1, N6, N7, N19, NW1, NW2, NW3, NW5, NW6, NW8, EC1, EC2, EC4, WC1, WC2, W1 and W9 postcode areas. It contains parts of central London.

Attractions

•    Bloomsbury Theatre
•    BT Tower
•    Camden Arts Centre
•    Camden catacombs (see also Catacombs of London)
•    Camden Market
•    Parts of Covent Garden
•    Dickens House
•    Dominion Theatre
•    Drama Centre London
•    Fenton House
•    Foundling Museum
•    Freud Museum
•    Grant Museum of Zoology
•    Gray’s Inn
•    Hampstead Cemetery
•    Hampstead Heath
•    Hatton Garden
•    Highgate Cemetery
•    Keats’ House
•    Kenwood House
•    Lincoln’s Inn
•    Parliament Hill Lido
•    Phoenix Garden
•    The eastern part of Regent’s Park is in the borough
•    The Roundhouse
•    Russell Square
•    Shaftesbury Theatre
•    Sir John Soane’s Museum
•    Upstairs at The Gatehouse
•    World’s End (Camden)
•    London Zoo
•    London Astoria
•    Electric Ballroom
•    Wellcome Collection

Camden parks and open spaces

The London Borough of Camden is arguably the greenest of the Inner London boroughs. This is largely because it contains most of the extensive swathe of land that is Hampstead Heath. But there are also many smaller green spaces, like Primrose Hill. The Central London part of the borough, south of the Euston Road, is characterised by its elegant and historic squares, like Tavistock Square and Bedford Square, and the Regent’s Canal (a ‘Green Route’) runs through the borough, around the top edge of Regent’s Park, part of which is also in Camden. (Confusingly, while Highgate Cemetery is in Camden, Highgate Wood is in the neighbouring borough of Haringey.)

Apart from Camden Council, a variety of agencies are responsible for the upkeep of open space in the borough. For example, Hampstead Heath is mostly owned by the City of London Corporation, though the Kenwood House area of the Heath is maintained by English Heritage. Highgate Cemetery is managed by its own trust, Highgate Cemetery Ltd. The Phoenix Garden is managed by an independent charity.

Some open spaces of note:

•    Bloomsbury Square
•    Brunswick Square
•    Camley Street Natural Park (small—0.8 hectares /2 acres)—but interesting nature reserve by the canal at King’s Cross)
•    Coram’s Fields
•    Gordon Square
•    Hampstead Heath (681 acres (2.8 km²) in Camden, 110 acres (0.4 km²) in next-door Barnet)
•    Highgate Cemetery
•    The Hill Garden and Pergola
•    Kilburn Grange Park
•    Lincoln’s Inn Fields (the largest public square in London)
•    Phoenix Garden (the only community garden in Soho and Covent Garden)
•    Primrose Hill
•    Regent’s Park (part of)
•    Russell Square
•    Talacre Gardens ( Home to the biggest gymnastics club in Britain)
•    Tavistock Square
•    St James’ Gardens
•    St Martin’s Gardens
•    St Pancras Old Church Gardens
•    Waterlow Park

Transport

National Rail

Three of the fourteen central London’s railway terminals are located in the borough. Euston, St. Pancras International and Kings Cross are the London termini for the West Coast, Midland and East Coast Main Lines and also High Speed 1. This connects the borough with the East of England, East Midlands, West Midlands, North East & West England, Scotland, South East England, Northern France and Brussels.
Since 14 November 2007 when St Pancras International became the new terminus of Eurostar, a major regeneration of the area has occurred with the King’s Cross Central development happening behind the station.
London Overground’s North London Line services run through the borough serving Camden Road, Kentish Town West, Gospel Oak, Hampstead Heath, Finchley Road & Frognal and West Hampstead. The North London Line is currently (as of July 2010) being upgraded to be-able to have more and longer trains run on it. Work is due to be complete in May 2011 in time for the London 2012 Olympics. London Overground also operates the Watford DC Line services from Euston serving South Hampstead, trains continue to Watford in Hertfordshire.
First Capital Connect Thameslink route services serve St Pancras, Kentish Town and West Hampstead Thameslink stations. Currently the Thameslink network is undergoing a major expansion project called the Thameslink Programme. This will link more places in Southern England to the borough and to the East of England. While some services on the Great Northern network, which currently terminate at King’s Cross will be diverted onto the Thameslink network, all work is due to be complete by 2016.

Underground

London Underground services the provided by the Circle, Central, Hammersmith & City, Jubilee, Metropolitan, Northern, Piccadilly and Victoria lines, these all serve King’s Cross St. Pancras apart from the Central and Jubilee lines. Other stations in the borough – Euston, Euston Square, Warren Street, Goodge Street, Holborn, Russell Square, Chancery Lane, Mornington Crescent, Camden Town, Chalk Farm, Belsize Park, Hampstead, West Hampstead, Finchley Road, Swiss Cottage and Kentish Town are scattered around the borough.

Future

A proposed rail or underground line called the Chelsea-Hackney line (also known as Crossrail 2 and the Chelney line) would run through the borough serving King’s Cross St. Pancras tube station. The line would run between Epping and Wimbledon.
The formerly proposed Cross River Tram was going to start in the borough at Camden but was scrapped by the Mayor of London.


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